The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 1

Polarize(Verb) : फूट डालना

  • Meaning: restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction.
  • अर्थ: (एक अनुप्रस्थ लहर, विशेष रूप से प्रकाश) के कंपन को पूरी तरह से या आंशिक रूप से एक दिशा में सीमित करें।
  • Synonym:  concentrate, consolidate,
  • Antonym: decentralize, deconcentrate,
  • Usage: The issue has polarized the center community

Cynicism(Noun): कुटिलता 

  • Meaning: an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; skepticism.
  • अर्थ: यह विश्वास करने के लिए एक झुकाव कि लोग शुद्ध रूप से आत्म-रुचि से प्रेरित हैं; संदेह।
  • Synonym: skepticism, doubt
  • Antonym: optimism
  • Usage: In a world full of Cynicism she was the one person I felt I could trust.

Hegemony(Noun) : आधिपत्य 

  • Meaning: leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
  • अर्थ: नेतृत्व या प्रभुत्व, विशेष रूप से एक राज्य या सामाजिक समूह द्वारा दूसरों पर।
  • Synonym: leadership, dominance
  • Antonym: self-government
  • Usage: To say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony.

Conspire(verb) : षड्यंत्र 

  • Meaning: make secret plans jointly to commit an unlawful or harmful act.
  • अर्थ: एक गैरकानूनी या हानिकारक कार्य करने के लिए संयुक्त रूप से गुप्त योजना बनाते हैं।
  • Synonym:  collude, connive,
  • Antonym: Neglect, disagree
  • Usage: The Culprit conspired to overthrow the government

Throng(Noun) : भीड़ 

  • Meaning: A crowd of people or animals
  • अर्थ: लोगों या जानवरों की भीड़
  • Synonym:  stream, swarm, flock,
  • Antonym: scantling, take apart
  • Usage: we parked the car and made our way to the little tearoom, packed with throngs of tourists.

Castigated(Verb)  : आलोचना 

  • Meaning: reprimand (someone) severely.
  • अर्थ: बुरी तरह फटकारना (किसी को)।
  • Synonym: reprimand, rebuke
  • Antonym: praise, commend
  • Usage: The principal castigates the student who has insulted their teacher.

Pretense(Noun) : दिखावा 

  • Meaning: an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true.
  • अर्थ: ऐसा कुछ करने का प्रयास जो मामला सच न हो।
  • Synonym: make-believe, act,
  • Antonym: reality, honesty
  • Usage: The hypocrisy is the pretense that the players are scholars whose colleges are competing for the glory of it all.

Substantive(adjective) : मूल 

  • Meaning: having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.
  • अर्थ: वास्तविकता में एक मजबूत आधार और इतना महत्वपूर्ण, सार्थक या विचारणीय होना।
  • Synonym: biggish, considerable
  • Antonym: inconsequential, inconsiderable
  • Usage: The State Department reported that substantive discussions had taken place with Beijing.

Accrual(Noun) : परिणाम

  • Meaning: the accumulation or increase of something over time, especially payments or benefits.
  • अर्थ: समय के साथ किसी चीज का संचय या वृद्धि, विशेष रूप से भुगतान या लाभ।
  • Synonym: result, arise
  • Antonym: abatement, decline
  • Usage: Do not confuse limitations on the accrual of benefits with limitations on deductible contribution.

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