Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

23rd and 24th June 2021 Current Affairs in English

Important Days

World Humanist Day: 21 June

World Humanist Day is celebrated every year around the world on the June solstice, which usually falls on June 21. The day aims to spread awareness of Humanism as a philosophical life stance and means to effect change in the world.

The day has been organized by the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU), since 1980. IHEU is the global federation for Humanist, atheists, rationalists, ethical cultures, secularists, and other freethought groups.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • International Humanist and Ethical Union President: Andrew Copson;
  • International Humanist and Ethical Union Founded: 1952;
  • International Humanist and Ethical Union Headquarters: London, United Kingdom.

World Hydrography Day: 21 June

Every year the World Hydrography Day is observed on 21 June to make the public aware of hydrography and the essential role that it plays in everyone’s life.

 The main objective of this day is to attract people’s attention to the work of the IHO at the international level. It is also celebrated to urge countries to work together to protect the marine environment and seek safe international navigation around the world.

The theme for 2021 WHD is “One hundred years of international cooperation in hydrography”.

The United Nations General Assembly accepted a resolution to celebrate World Hydrography Day on every June 21 in 2005.

The day is organized by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) since 2006 to publicize the work of hydrographers and the importance of hydrography.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • International Hydrographic Organization Headquarters: Monte Carlo, Monaco;
  • International Hydrographic Organization Secretary-General: Dr Mathias Jonas;
  • International Hydrographic Organization Founded: 21 June 1921.

United Nations Public Service Day: 23 June

United Nations Public Service Day is observed globally on 23rd June every year. This day is to highlight the contribution of public service in the development process and to value public service to the community.

This day is widely known by various public service organisations and departments around the world by organising several events to recognise the role of public servants in making developments and improvements in the community.

As a part of the occasion, the Division of Public Institutions and Digital Government of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs will host a virtual event, in collaboration with the government of the United Arab Emirates, under the theme of “Innovating the Future Public Service: New Government Models for a New Era to Reach the SDGs”.

International Olympic Day: 23 June

The International Olympic Day is held on June 23 each year. The day is celebrated to encourage more people to participate in the Olympic Games and spread awareness about the event and promote the Olympic Movement.

Based on the three pillars – “move”, “learn” and “discover” – the National Olympic Committees are deploying sports, cultural and educational activities to encourage participation regardless of age, gender, social background, or sporting ability. The Olympic Day 2021 theme is “Stay healthy, stay strong, stay active with the #OlympicDay workout on 23 June.”

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • International Olympic Committee Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • International Olympic Committee President: Thomas Bach.
  • International Olympic Committee Founded: 23 June 1894 (Paris, France).

International Widows Day: 23 June

International Widows Day is observed globally on 23rd June every year. The day is widely known to draw attention to the voices and experiences of widows and to galvanize the unique support that they have.

Several women around the world after losing her life partner faces challenges and do long-term struggle for basic needs, their human right and dignity. Loomba Foundation initiated the International Widow’s Day in 2005.

According to Loomba, women in various countries experience great hardship after their husband dies. They are not looked at by NGOs, governments, and also societies that curse them. Finally, on 23 June 2010, it was officially recognized in the United Nations General Assembly.

National News

India was fifth largest recipient of FDI in 2020: UN Report

As per the World Investment Report 2021 by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), India was the fifth-largest recipient of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in the world in 2020.

The country received USD 64 billion FDI in 2020, which is an increase of 27 percent, over USD 51 billion inflows in 2019.

The United States remained the largest recipient of FDI, although, the FDI inflow to the country decreased by 40 percent, to $156 billion, in 2020.

China was the second-largest recipient with USD 149 billion FDI. The global FDI flows decreased by 35 percent in 2020 to USD 1 trillion from USD 1.5 trillion in 2019.

PM Narendra Modi launches mYoga App

On the occasion of the seventh International Yoga Day on June 21, 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled the mYoga mobile app.

The app has been developed in collaboration between the World Health Organisation (WHO) and Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (Ministry of AYUSH), Government of India.

The mYoga app is preloaded with many yoga training videos and audio practice sessions, in different languages, that can be done in the comfort of our own homes.

Currently, the mYoga app is available in English, Hindi, and French, but will be made available in other UN languages in the upcoming months. Through this initiative, PM Modi’s government aims to achieve the ‘One World, One Health’ motto.”

Minority Affairs Minister launched “JaanHaiToJahaanHai” awareness campaign

The Minority Affairs Minister, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi launched a nationwide “JaanHaiToJahaanHai” awareness campaign on Corona vaccination for rural and remote areas.

The aim of this campaign is to aware people of the Corona vaccination and to crush rumours and apprehensions related to Corona vaccination. It has been launched by the Ministry of Minority Affairs in association with various socio-educational organizations, NGOs, and Women Self Help Groups.

Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi urged members of Central Waqf Council, Maulana Azad Education Foundation, and other social and educational institutions to take part in this awareness campaign. India is running the world’s largest Corona vaccination drive.

Bihar government launches ‘Mukhya Mantri Udyaymi Yojana’

Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has launched two ambitious schemes christened as the ‘Mukhya Mantri Yuva Udyaymi Yojna’ and the ‘Mukhya Mantri Mahila Udyami Yojana. Both the schemes launched to promote entrepreneurship among youth and women of all sections under the state’s ‘Mukhaya Mantri Udyami Yojana scheme.

The schemes were promised by the chief minister during the 2020 Bihar elections. Youth and Women-irrespective of caste and creed, wishing to start entrepreneurship, will get a loan of Rs 10 lakh, in which Rs 5 lakh would be a grant from the state government and the rest Rs 5 lakh will come as a loan, refundable in 84 installments.

He also launched a portal on which youth and women from all sections can register themselves for availing of the loan from the government.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Bihar: Nitish Kumar; Governor: Phagu Chauhan.

Appointments

British lawyer Karim Khan sworn in as ICC’s chief prosecutor

British lawyer Karim Khan was sworn as the new chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court. He pledging to reach out to nations that are not members of the court and to try to hold trials in countries where crimes are committed.

He has defended clients at international courts including former Liberian President Charles Taylor & Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto.

Khan, a 51-year-old English lawyer, has years of experience in international courts as a prosecutor, investigator, and defense attorney. He takes over from Fatou Bensouda of the Gambia, whose nine-year term ended.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • International Criminal Court Founded: 1 July 2002;
  • International Criminal Court Headquarters: The Hague, the Netherlands;
  • International Criminal Court Member states: 123;
  • International Criminal Court Working languages: English; French.

Upasana Kamineni named ‘Ambassador of Forest Frontline Heroes’ at WWF India

WWF India has inducted Upasana Kamineni, Director, Apollo Hospitals, as “Ambassador of Forest Frontline Heroes” with the aim to appreciate the efforts of frontline workers in hospitals and in the wildlife protection space. The focus of this will be on several States across the country covering most eco-regions.

Frontline forest staff are often local community members themselves and play an important role in building an interface between communities and conservation.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • WWF India Headquarters location: New Delhi;
  • WWF India Founded: 1969.

Tadang Minu becomes 1st Arunachali Woman to be appointed in AIBA

Arunachal Pradesh woman, Dr. Tadang Minu, becomes the first in the state and the second Indian woman in the country to be appointed as a member of the Coaches Committee of the International Boxing Association (AIBA).

She has been appointed by AIBA for her enormous knowledge and experience in the field of boxing. Dr Tadang is currently the HOD of Physical Education at Rajiv Gandhi University(RGU) and is the chairman of the Boxing Federation of India’s Women’s Commission for two years.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • AIBA Founded: 1946.
  • AIBA Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • AIBA President: Dr. Mohamed Moustahsane.

Senior psychiatrist Pratima Murthy appointed as director of NIMHANS

Dr Pratima Murthy, head of Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru has been appointed as Director of the Institute for a period of five years. She will retire in March 2026. She was awarded the WHO Regional Director’s Special Recognition Award on ‘World No Tobacco Day 2021’.

She has been appointed by NIMHANS on the approval of the central government as the full-term director of the institute of national importance after Prof and Head of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Dr Padma Srivastava could not assume the top office due to some technical reasons.

Defence

India, Japan conduct bilateral naval exercise in Indian Ocean

Ships of the Indian Navy and Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) participated in a joint naval exercise at the Indian Ocean to realize “Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP). “JS KASHIMA (TV3508) and JS SETOYUKI (TV3518) conducted a bilateral exercise with INS KULISH (P63) at the Indian Ocean. Naval cooperation between India and Japan has increased in scope and complexity over the years.

Naval cooperation between India and Japan has increased in scope and complexity over the years. Last year, in the month of September, the Indian Navy and JMSDF conducted a three-day naval exercise JIMEX-2020. It was the 4th edition of the India-Japan maritime bilateral exercise JIMEX.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Japan Capital: Tokyo;
  • Japan Currency: Japanese yen;
  • Japan Prime minister: Yoshihide Suga.

Mawya Sudan becomes IAF’s 1st woman fighter pilot from J&K

Flying Officer Mawya Sudan has become the first woman from Jammu and Kashmir to be inducted as a fighter pilot in the Indian Air Force (IAF). She is the 12th female fighter pilot to be inducted into the IAF. The 24-year-old Mawya hails from Lamberi village near the Line of Control (LoC) in the Rajouri district of the Jammu division.

Mawya was commissioned as a fighter pilot at the Airforce Academy in Hyderabad on June 19, 2021, during the Combined Graduation parade ceremony. She will now undergo rigorous fighter training for over a year to become ‘fully operational as a fighter pilot.

Indian Navy and European Naval Force hold first joint exercise

In a first, the Indian Navy is participating in a joint exercise with the European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR). Stealth frigate INS Trikand will participate in the two-day exercise in the Gulf of Aden as it is already deployed in the region on anti-piracy operations.

The aim of the exercise is to enhance and hone their war-fighting skills and their ability as an integrated force to promote peace, security, and stability in the maritime domain. Along with the Indian Navy, other naval forces are from Italy, Spain, and France.

The naval exercise included advanced air defense and anti-submarine exercises, tactical maneuvers, Search & Rescue, and other maritime security operations.

Economy

Finance Ministry allows HFCs above Rs 100 cr to use to SARFAESI law

Ministry of Finance has allowed housing finance companies (HFCs) with asset size of over Rs. 100 crore to recover the dues using SARFAESI law. This move is expected to be a shot in the arm for thousands of small HFCs, as it will facilitate quick recovery of dues and encourage these companies to lend more.

Earlier HFCs with assets over Rs. 500 crore (and notified by Finance Ministry) were allowed to use SARFAESI law to recover dues. Currently, there are nearly 100 HFCs that are registered with NHB.

The top-10 HFCs account for 70-80 percent of the assets of the housing finance industry. SARFAESI Act 2002 allows banks and other financial institutions to auction residential or commercial properties (of Defaulter) to recover loans.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs: Nirmala Sitharaman.

No tax on cash deposits made by housewives during demo 2016

The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT), Agra bench consisting of Judicial Member Lalit Kumar and the Accountant Member Dr Mitha Lal Meena has ruled that cash deposit made by the housewives during the demonetization scheme 2016, cannot be subject to addition if such deposits are below Rs 2.5 lakh and such amount shall not be treated as income of the assessee.

The Tribunal was considering an appeal filed by a housewife, the assessee who deposited the cash of Rs 2,11,500 in the bank account during the demonetization period.

It was the case of the assessee that she had collected/saved the above-said sum from her previous saving, given by her husband, son, relatives for the purposes of her and her family’s future.

Business

SEBI reconstitutes Four-member Takeover Panel

Markets regulator Security and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has reconstituted its four-member Takeover Panel. The Takeover Panel looks into the applications that seek exemption from the mandatory open offer that an acquirer needs to make to minority shareholders.

SEBI had first constituted this Takeover Panel in November 2007, under the chairmanship of former Bank of Baroda chairman K Kannan.

The Members of the Panel are:

  • Chairman: Justice N. K. Sodhi (Former Chief Justice of High Courts of Karnataka & Kerala and Former Presiding Officer of the Securities Appellate Tribunal);
  • Member: Darius Khambata (Former Advocate General, Maharashtra);
  • Member: Thomas Mathew T (Former chairman of Life Insurance Corporation of India);
  • Member: N Venkatram (MD and CEO, Deloitte India).

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Securities and Exchange Board of India Founded: 12 April 1992.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India Headquarters: Mumbai.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India Agency executive: Ajay Tyagi.

Agreements

India and Fiji inks MoU for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors

A virtual meeting was held between the Union Minister for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, GoI, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar with Dr. Mahendra Reddy, Minister of Agriculture, Waterways & Environment, Government of Fiji.

During the meeting, both the ministers signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in the field of Agriculture and allied sectors. This MoU will further strengthen the multi-faceted cooperation between the two countries.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Fiji Capital: Suva; 
  • Fiji Currency: Fijian dollar;
  • Fiji President: Jioji Konousi.

Airtel, TCS partner for 5G network solutions

Bharti Airtel and Tata Group have announced a strategic partnership for implementing 5G network solutions for India, which will be available for commercial development from January 2022.

Tata Group has developed an O-RAN (open-radio access network)-based radio and non-standalone architecture/stand-alone architecture (NSA/SA) core and has integrated a totally indigenous telecom stack, leveraging the capabilities of the group and its partners.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Bharti Airtel CEO: Gopal Vittal.
  • Bharti Airtel Founder: Sunil Bharti Mittal.
  • Bharti Airtel Founded: 7 July 1995.
  • Tata Group Chairman: Natarajan Chandrasekaran
  • Tata Group Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Awards

Tahira Kashyap Khurrana announces new book ‘The 7 Sins of Being A Mother’

Filmmaker-writer Tahira Kashyap Khurrana has announced her upcoming book about motherhood, titled “The 7 Sins of Being A Mother”.

This is her fifth book and the second she wrote amid the pandemic. Last year, the filmmaker had released 12 Commandments of Being A Woman, which she finished writing during the coronavirus-induced lockdown. The writer has also penned books like Cracking The Code: My Journey in Bollywood and Souled Out.

Sumita Mitra honoured with prestigious European Inventor Award

Indian-American chemist Sumita Mitra has been honored with the European Inventor Award 2021 in the ‘Non-European Patent Office countries’ category.

She was the first to have successfully integrated nanotechnology into dental materials to produce stronger and more aesthetically pleasing fillings.

The award, one of Europe’s most prestigious innovation prizes, is presented annually by the European Patent Office (EPO) to recognize outstanding inventors from Europe and beyond.

Sports

Weightlifter Laurel Hubbard will be first trans athlete to compete at Olympics

The New Zealand weightlifter Laurel Hubbard is poised to make history and headlines, as well as significant controversy, after being confirmed as the first transgender athlete to compete at an Olympic Games.

The 43-year-old, who will be the fourth oldest weightlifter at an Olympics, is regarded as a genuine medal contender in the women’s super heavyweight 87kg-plus category in Tokyo.

But while her inclusion has been welcomed by trans groups, it has also been questioned by those who believe she has unfair advantages in strength and power, having gone through male puberty before transitioning in 2012.

Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce becomes second fastest woman of all-time ahead

Jamaican sprinter Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce became the second-fastest woman of all-time behind 100 metres world record holder Florence Griffith-Joyner when she clocked 10.63 seconds at a meet in Kingston.

American Griffith-Joyner still holds the women’s 100m world record of 10.49 seconds, set in Indianapolis in 1988, as well as the three fastest times ever, with 10.61 and 10.62, also in 1988.

Rani Rampal, Manpreet Singh named captains of Indian hockey teams

Midfielder Manpreet Singh was named captain of the 16-member Olympic-bound Indian men’s hockey team, while experienced defenders, Birendra Lakra and Harmanpreet Singh, were named vice-captains.

Rani Rampal was named the captain of the 16-member Olympic-bound Indian Women’s Hockey Team, announced Hockey India. Rani is the obvious choice not just for her on-field exploits but also for her innate ability to guide the youngsters in the team.

Ranks and Reports

Bengaluru ranked as one of the Top 5 technology centers in Asia Pacific

Bengaluru has emerged as the top five technology centres in the APAC region while Hyderabad is ranked in the Top 10 list, a report by Colliers titled ‘Growth Engines of Innovation: How Asia Pacific Technology Hubs are Reshaping Regional Real Estate’.

The report ranks the most attractive technology submarkets within major APAC cities, which should serve as a navigation tool for technology groups, as they plan their expansion.

Beijing, Shanghai, Bengaluru, Shenzhen and Singapore currently rank as the top five technology centres in APAC; they offer a compelling balance of infrastructure and talent for occupiers and are well-positioned to deliver future growth and investment opportunities for owners.

Other cities are developing strengths in specific areas of technology, e.g., Seoul and Hong Kong in fintech, while new centers such as Hyderabad and Sydney are emerging.

Books and Authors

Arvind Gaur releases book ‘Habba Khatoon’ written by Kajal Suri

Theatre personality Arvind Gaur has released the book ‘Habba Khatoon’ written by Kajal Suri.

The book ‘Habba Khatoon’ was Published by Sanjana Prakashan. Habba Khatoon, also known by the honorary title ‘The Nightingale of Kashmir’, was a Kashmiri poet and ascetic. She was the wife of Yousuf Shah Chak, the last Emperor of Kashmir.


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