Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

17th June 2021 Current Affairs in English

Important Days

International Day of Family Remittances: 16 June

The International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and is observed on 16 June.

The IDFR recognizes the more than 200 million migrant workers, women and men, who send money home to over 800 million family members.

This day further highlights the great resilience of migrant workers in the face of economic insecurities, natural and climate-related disasters and a global pandemic. The first International Day of Family Remittances was celebrated on June 16, 2015.

Global Wind Day 2021: 15 June

Every year the Global Wind Day is celebrated worldwide on 15 June to spread awareness about wind energy, the various uses of wind energy, and the ways and possibilities as to how wind energy can help change the world.

Global Wind Day was first observed as Wind Day in 2007. Later, it was renamed Global Wind Day in 2009.

Global Wind Day is organized by WindEurope and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).

According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), wind energy is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy sources in the world. India will install 20GW of wind capacity over 2021-25.

Wind energy is a source of clean energy and it is inexhaustible. At present, India has a total installed wind power capacity of 38.789 GW. India has the fourth-largest installed wind power capacity in the world.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Global Wind Energy Council Headquarters location: Brussels, Belgium;
  • Global Wind Energy Council Founded: 2005.

National

Raja Parba- Odisha’s Famous Festival celebrated

Raja Parba festival celebrated in Odisha. It is a 3-days unique festival in which the onset of monsoon and the earth’s womanhood is celebrated by the state. It is believed that during this time the Mother Earth or Bhudevi undergoes menstruation.

The fourth day is the day of the ‘purification bath’. During 3 days, women don’t work. This festival is synonymous with varieties of cakes (pithas).

Thus, Odisha Tourism Development Corporation (OTDC) has also launched a special programme named ‘Pitha on Wheels’. Different kinds of pithas such as ‘Poda Pitha’, ‘Manda’, ‘Kakara’, ‘Arisha’, ‘Chakuli’ and ‘Chandrakala’ have been made available on ‘Pitha on Wheels’ (kiosks on wheels).

These vehicles selling traditional cakes have been stationed in Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, and Sambalpur. 

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Odisha: Naveen Patnaik and Governor is Ganeshi Lal.

International

NATO leaders declare China a global security challenge

NATO leaders declared that China poses a constant security challenge and is working to undermine global order.

This is a message in sync with US President Joe Biden’s efforts to get allies to speak out with a more unified voice against China’s trade, military and human rights practices.

The NATO leaders said that China’s goals and ‘assertive behaviour present systemic challenges to the rules-based international order and to areas relevant to alliance security.

The warning to China comes as Biden has stepped up his effort to rally allies to put up a unified voice about China’s human rights record. Biden has also criticized China’s trade practices and its military’s increasingly assertive behavior that has unnerved US allies in the Pacific.

UAE, Brazil, Albania, Gabon, Ghana elected to UNSC

UN Security Council elected Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, and UAE as non-permanent members for the 2022-23 term. All ve countries, elected unopposed, will begin their term from 1 January 2022.

The election for the non-permanent members of the Security Council is held through secret ballot and candidates require a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly to get elected.

India, Ireland, Mexico and Norway had begun the term as non-permanent members of the UN Security Council from 1 January 2021. In the election, Ghana obtained 185 votes while Gabon received 183 votes.

The United Arab Emirates received 179 votes and Albania got 175 votes. Gabon, Ghana, and the United Arab Emirate were elected from the African and Asian States seats. Brazil is elected from Latin American and Caribbean Group seat and the Eastern European Group seat went to Albania.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • UN Security Council Headquarters: New York, United States;
  • UN Security Council Founded: 24 October 1945.

Appointments

Mukesh Sharma appointed honorary member of WHO’s Technical Advisory Group

Mukesh Sharma, a faculty at IIT Kanpur, has been appointed as an honorary member of the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Global Air Pollution and Health – Technical Advisory Group (GAPH-TAG).

Members of the Technical Advisory Group are selected across the globe and appointed by the Director-General, WHO. Sharma, associated with the civil engineering department at IIT Kanpur and an air quality expert, has melded rigorous research with policy engagement.

The Technical Advisory Group is an advisory body to provide technical guidance and inputs to support the WHO’s efforts and work in the fields of air pollution and health issues.

It also helps with how member countries could achieve the sustainable development goals (SDG) related to air pollution and health such as SDGs 3.9.1, 7.1.2 and 11.6.2.

The United Nations adopted the SDGs in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure peace and prosperity for the people and the planet.


Economy

Wholesale inflation hits record high of 12.94% in May

The wholesale price-based inflation accelerated to a record high of 12.94 per cent in May, on rising prices of crude oil and manufactured goods. The low base effect also contributed to the spike in WPI inflation in May 2021.

In May 2020, WPI inflation was at (-) 3.37 per cent. In April 2021, WPI inflation hit double-digit at 10.49 per cent.

The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI, was 12.94 per cent for the month of May 2021 (over May 2020) as compared to (-) 3.37 per cent in May 2020.

The Office of Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade is releasing index numbers of Wholesale Price in India (Base Year: 2011-12) for the month of May 2021 (Provisional).


Summits and Conferences

2021 NATO Summit Held in Brussels, Belgium

The leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held a face-to-face summit on NATO headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.

The 2021 Brussels summit of NATO was the 31st formal meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of the alliance.

The summit of the 30-member NATO group was held as a part of U.S. President Joe Biden’s first foreign trip since he took office.

All the leaders agreed on the “NATO 2030” agenda, a comprehensive initiative to make sure that the alliance remains ready to face future challenges.

The agenda also states that NATO will strengthen political consultation and the resilience of society, reinforce defence and deterrence, sharpen the technological edge, and develop its next Strategic Concept in time for the summit in 2022.

The bloc agreed on a new cyber defense policy, to ensure that the bloc has strong technical capabilities, political consultations, and military planning in place to “keep its systems secure.”

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • NATO Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium.
  • NATO Chairman of the NATO Military Committee: Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach.
  • Member countries of NATO: 30; Founded:  4 April 1949.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan addresses the Global Yoga Conference 2021

Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare addressed the inaugural ceremony of Global Yoga Conference 2021.

The event was organised by ‘Mokshayatan Yog Sansthan’ along with the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India &Indian Council for Cultural Relations to mark the occasion of the 7th International Day of Yoga which falls on 21st June 2021.

Dr Harsh Vardhan highlighted how Yoga has helped people during COVID restrictions on public activities.

The benefits of Yoga in immunity building and management of stress are well documented with evidence. With programmes like this Global Yoga Conference, more people shall be drawn into the fold of practising Yoga and related activities.


Ranks and Reports

India ranked 14th in World Giving Index 2021

India has been ranked at 14th spot among 114 countries in the World Giving Index 2021, by the Charities Aid Foundation (CAF).

This rank is up from its 10-year global rank of 82. The World Giving Index ranking has been topped by Indonesia, followed by Kenya, Nigeria, Myanmar and Australia in the top five respectively.

Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) is an international organisation based in the United Kingdom, that promotes giving to transform lives and communities across the world.

World Giving Index offers a unique glimpse of global trends in generosity, and people from which country are most likely to engage in social activities for the benefit of their communities and to champion the growth of global giving.


Agreements

Federal Bank enlists Infosys for Oracle CX implementation

Federal Bank has expanded its strategic collaboration with Oracle and Infosys, to offer an enhanced customer experience through Oracle CX (Customer Experience) platform.

The collaboration will focus on creating a comprehensive integrated Customer Relationship Management (CRM) solution across marketing, sales, customer service, and social listening to strengthen Federal Bank’s operations, and to deliver connected, data-driven, and intelligent customer experiences across all touchpoints.

Federal Bank will launch a 360-degree view of the customer portfolio in a single application for its users, to achieve a ‘Single Source of Truth’.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Federal Bank MD & CEO: Shyam Srinivasan.
  • Federal Bank HQ: Aluva, Kerala.

Business News

RBI allows prepaid mobile recharges through Bharat Bill Payment System

According to RBI, The scope of the Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS) will be expanded by August 31 this year by adding ‘mobile prepaid recharges as a biller category.

BBPS is an interoperable platform for recurring bill payments operated by the National Payments Corporation of India.

In May, 213.59 million bill payment transactions were carried out through the BBPS channel. BBPS was started in 2014 as a platform for repetitive bill payments.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • National Payments Corporation of India MD & CEO: Dilip Asbe.
  • National Payments Corporation of India Headquarters: Mumbai.
  • National Payments Corporation of India Founded: 2008.

Science and Technology

IIT Ropar develops India’s first power-free CPAP device ‘Jivan Vayu’

The Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT) Ropar has developed a device dubbed ‘Jivan Vayu’ which can be used as a substitute for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine.  Jivan Vayu can deliver high flow oxygen up to 60 Litres Per Minute (LPM).

This machine is India’s first such device that functions even without electricity and can work on both kinds of oxygen generation units like O2 cylinders and oxygen pipelines in hospitals. Earlier these provisions were not available in existing CPAP machines.

CPAP therapy is a treatment method for patients having breathing problems during sleep called sleep apnea.


Sports

Wrestler Vinesh Phogat clinched gold medal in Poland open

Indian wrestler Vinesh Phogat won the gold medal in the 53 kg category at the Poland Open. It is her third title of the season.

Earlier, She had won gold at the Matteo Pellicone event (March) and Asian Championship (April). She defeated Ukraine’s Khrystyna Bereza in the final.

Khrystyna Bereza won the silver medal at the Poland Open. Earlier, Indian wrestler Anshu Malik pulled out of the 57kg competition due to fever.



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