Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

06 Oct 2021 Current Affairs in English

Important Days

World Teachers’ Day observed on 5th October

World Teachers’ Day, also known as International Teachers Day, is held annually on October 5 since 1994. The Day aims to focus on appreciating, assessing, and improving the educators of the world and to provide an opportunity to consider issues related to teachers and teaching. The Theme for 2021 International Teachers Day is “Teachers at the heart of education recovery”.

The day was established in 1994, to commemorate the signing of the 1966 UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, which is a standard-setting instrument that addresses the status and situations of teachers around the world.

Ganga River Dolphin Day: 5 October

In India, the ‘Ganga River Dolphin Day’ is observed every year on October 5, to raise awareness and encourage conservation of Ganga River Dolphins. It was on this day in 2010, that Ganga Dolphins were declared national aquatic animals.

Then, in 2012, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Uttar Pradesh government jointly began the dolphin conservation campaign in the country. The Gangetic Dolphins are included under the First Schedule of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

National

Himachal Pradesh becomes 1st state to begin organized cultivation of dalchini

The CSIR’s Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) has introduced cinnamon cultivation in Himachal Pradesh on a pilot basis.

True cinnamon or Cinnamomumverum is grown mainly in Sri Lanka, while minor producing countries include Seychelles, Madagascar, and India.

India imports 45,318 tonnes of cinnamon annually from China, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Nepal. With the cultivation of Cinnamomum Verum, HP has become the first state of India to have organized cultivation of cinnamon.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Himachal Pradesh Governor: Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar;
  • Himachal Pradesh CM: Jai Ram Thakur.

International

India Pavilion inaugurated at Dubai Expo 2020

The World Expo 2020 has been organized in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates from 1 October 2021 to 31 March 2022. The main theme of the Dubai Expo 2020 is “Connecting Minds, Creating the Future”.

The Expo was originally scheduled to take place from 20 October 2020 to 10 April 2021 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Expo 2020 is the first to be held in the MENA & SA (the Middle East and North Africa & South Asia) region. World Expos provide a platform to showcase the greatest innovations that have shaped the world we live in today. The grand event will have 191 country pavilions.

The theme of the India pavilion at the Expo is “Openness, Opportunity, and Growth”.

It will showcase resurgent India’s march to becoming a USD 5 Trillion economy, the exceptional fightback against COVID-19, and the country’s emergence as a global business hub presenting huge opportunities for the world.

Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed takes oath for a second term

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed has been sworn in for a second five-year term. He was administered the oath of office by Supreme Court Chief Justice Meaza Ashenafi.

Abiy’s Prosperity Party was declared the winner of June’s parliamentary elections, which were criticized by opposition parties but described by external observers as improved from past elections. He is serving as prime minister of Ethiopia since 2018.

Mr. Abiy won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for restoring ties with neighboring Eritrea and for pursuing sweeping political reforms. He is dealing with a war that is spreading from the Tigray region and ethnic violence.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Ethiopia Capital: Addis Ababa; Currency: Ethiopian birr.

Appointments

BC Patnaik takes charge as MD of LIC

BC Patnaik has taken charge as Managing Director of Life Insurance Corporation of India. He was appointed as Managing Director by the Government of India notification dated July 5, 2021.

Prior to taking charge as Managing Director of LIC, Patnaik was Secretary-General, Council for Insurance Ombudsmen, (CIO) Mumbai. He joined LIC of India in March 1986 as a Direct Recruit Officer.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • LIC Headquarters: Mumbai;
  • LIC Founded: 1 September 1956;
  • LIC Chairman: M R Kumar.

Alok Sahay appointed as Secretary-General of the Indian Steel Association

The Indian Steel Association (ISA) has announced that Alok Sahay has assumed office as its new secretary-general and executive head, taking over from Bhaskar Chatterjee. Sahay who is the former executive director of the Steel Authority of India (SAIL) has experience of almost four decades in the steel industry.

Sahay has worked closely with the steel industry and the Government as one of the core industry representatives to advocate on trade-related matters at national and international forums. His experience also includes training at British Steel and tenure as visiting fellow at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford University.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Indian Steel Association Headquarters: New Delhi;
  • Indian Steel Association Established: 2014.

Sanjay Bhargava to head Starlink satellite broadband venture in India

Sanjay Bhargava, who had worked with Elon Musk as part of a team that had founded electronic payment firm, PayPal, will now head the tech billionaire entrepreneur’s Starlink satellite broadband venture in India.

Bhargava joins SpaceX as Starlink’s country director (India), as the Musk-led US aerospace company gears up to compete with Bharti group-backed OneWeb.

Economy

GST collection for September crosses ₹1.17 lakh crore

The gross GST revenue collected in the month of September was 1,17,010 crore rupees, which included a CGST component of 20,578 crores, SGST is 26,767 crore, and IGST component of 60,911 crore rupees.

The revenue for September was 23% higher than the GST revenues in the same month last year. During the month, revenue from import of goods was 30% higher.

Defense

‘AUSINDEX’: India, Australia participate in 4th edition

India and Australia have participated in the fourth edition of the biennial maritime series ‘AUSINDEX’. The exercise will allow the Australian Navy and Indian Navy to strengthen “inter-operability, gain from best practices”.

The maritime exercise is conducted in Australia and India, with the recent one being held in the Northern Australia Exercise Area.

HMAS Rankin, Royal Australian Air Force P-8A and F-18 aircraft, helicopters of Australian and Indian Navy participated in this maritime exercise.

The exercise has provided an opportunity for both navies to enhance inter-operability and develop a common understanding of procedures for maritime security operations.

Awards

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 announced

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021. Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, Giorgio Parisi jointly won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems.

The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million).

Syukuro Manabe (Princeton University, USA) and Klaus Hasselmann (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany) awarded for the physical modeling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability, and reliability predicting global warming”.

Giorgio Parisi (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy) was awarded for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.

M. Venkaiah Naidu presented Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Award

Vice President of India, M. Venkaiah Naidu has presented Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Award for National Integration and National Contribution.

This award has been conferred to eminent writer Nirode Kumar Barooah, Assam Branch of the Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust, and Shillong Chamber Choir at a special function in Guwahati.

The award carries a cash reward of Rs 5 lakh, a citation, and a shawl. It is one of the biggest civilian awards of Assam. This award was instituted by the Assam government in memory of the state’s first chief minister Gopinath Bordoloi. 

The Assam branch of the Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust was founded by Mahatma Gandhi on 9 January 1946.

Shillong Chamber Choir (SCC) is a renowned musical group founded in 2001. It has performed on various national and international platforms.

Schemes

PM Narendra Modi launches Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the second phase of the two flagship missions, namely, Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), from Dr. Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi.

The SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 have been designed to realize the aspiration of making all cities ‘garbage free’ and ‘water secure’. The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around Rs 1.41 lakh crore. The outlay of AMRUT 2.0 is around Rs 2.87 lakh crore.

Sports

FC Goa lift maiden Durand Cup football trophy

FC Goa beat Mohammedan Sporting to win their maiden Durand Cup football title, 1-0, in the final, held at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata.

FC Goa Captain Eduardo Bedia scored the all-important goal in the 105th minute after the final match went into the extra time.

The 2021 Durand Cup was the 130th edition of the Durand Cup, the oldest football tournament in Asia. The tournament was held from September 05 to October 03, 2021, in West Bengal.

2021 Season awards winners:

  • Golden Glove for the best goalkeeper: Naveen Kumar (FC Goa)
  • Golden boot for top scorer: Marcus Joseph (Mohammedan)
  • Golden ball for the best player: Edu Bedia (Goa)

Smriti Mandhana becomes the first Indian woman to score a Test hundred on Australian

In a historic moment in women’s cricket, Smriti Mandhana became the first Indian woman to score a Test hundred on Australian soil.

She completed her century to shape up India’s first innings on the second day of the first pink ball day and night. The match was played at the Carrara Oval in Queensland, Australia today. She scored 127 runs with 22 fours and a six.


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